Police Reform in Cleveland: 100 Years Project

The CPC’s 100 Year Project documents the history of policing and police reform in Cleveland from 1922 to the present. Follow our timeline starting in Cleveland in the 1920s, or see past reform recommendations made by policing topic. This is an ongoing project and we encourage all interested individuals and organizations to join us in expanding on this research.

Policing Topic:

Implementation, Assessment, and Enforcement


An important component of the 2015 Consent Decree is the mandate that the Cleveland Police improve their data collection particularly data related to police-citizen encounters, wearable camera system footage, and data related to police pursuits. Data is an important tool that police can use to help keep communities safe, and it is something that many reformers in the past have focused on, with mixed results.

The 1922 report outlining recommended reforms noted that there was a lack of clarity on what constituted effective policing and how policing could be improved; it recommended that more data collection would be one way to address this. In the 1960s and 70s, the Little Hoover Commission and the American Bar Association both noted that a lack of systematic analysis made it impossible for the Cleveland Police to make long term plans.

In the 1980s the Mayor’s Committee on improving community-police relations argued for improved Use-of-Force data collection to get a better understanding of a topic that was deeply concerning to Cleveland’s citizens. In the 1990s, the International Association of Chiefs of Police issued a report that concluded that improving data collection was an important component of reducing crime.

These same concerns continue to exist and in order for there to be lasting reform, we need good data to show us what is and what is not working.

Timeline of Key Reports & Recommendations

The timeline below summarizes the recommended reforms related to Implementation, Assessment, and Enforcement from the reports & documents that reviewed Cleveland police operations and encouraged reform. These are not the exact words from the text, but are summarized by our researchers as best as possible – highlighting key points and phrases.

Summary of Recommendations:
Implementation, Assessment and Enforcement
1920s - 1930s

See all Key Reform Recommendations of the 20s & 30s1920s - 1930s

Summary of Recommendations:
Implementation, Assessment and Enforcement
1940s - 1950s

  • No highlights for this particular area. Please check back as our analysis continues.
See all Key Reform Recommendations of the 40s & 50s1940s - 1950s

Summary of Recommendations:
Management & Leadership
1960s - 1970s

See all Key Reform Recommendations of the 60s & 70s1960s - 1970s

Summary of Recommendations:
Management & Leadership
1980s - 1990s

See all Key Reform Recommendations of the 80s & 90s1980s - 1990s

Summary of Recommendations:
Management & Leadership
2000s - Present

  • A detailed list of all reform efforts for this time period can be found in the Consent Decree. Read the Consent Decree here or click below to see all documents and recommendations in the 2000’s - present
See all Key Reform Recommendations of the 2000s - Present2000s - Present

Continuing the Research

The CPC’s research into the documented history of the Cleveland police is ongoing as part of the 100 Years Project. We will be looking further into the topic of Implementation, Assessment, and Enforcement by analyzing past recommendations concerning data collection data assessment, performance review, and outcomes.

By looking into Cleveland’s past, the CPC aims to help the community gain a better understanding of what policing practices have been successful, what issues exist, and what lessons still need to be learned to move forward in creating a more sustainable policing model for the future. If you are an individual or organization interested in joining us in taking a deeper dive into this information, contact us to get involved in expanding on this research.

Join the Research

Please contact CPC Senior Policy Analyst, Ryan Walker, at rwalker@clecpc.org to get involved in expanding on this research.

Schedule a Presentation

CPC researchers are available for interviews and custom presentations for schools, groups or organizations interested in this project or its findings.

Questions or Feedback

We welcome your questions & comments about this project. Contact us via the information listed on our contact page or start a conversation on our community forum.

100 Years Project: Explore by Decade or Topic

Read about key reform recommendations made by year, or learn about how each police reform issue area mandated by the 2015 Consent Decree compares to recommendations made in the past.